How do I add an additional hard drive?

I am mosting likely to place an added (non - USB) hard drive in my system. I currently have Ubuntu on my various other hard drive so I do not intend to install Ubuntu on the added drive yet just utilize it for storage space. Just how do I add the added hard drive to my Ubuntu system, as an example make Ubuntu identify it and also place it effectively?

125
2022-07-15 05:56:13
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Answers: 2

There is an excellent summary just how to add an additional drive here:

Basically you need to dividing the new disk, create a documents system on it and afterwards place it. Thats is the very easy means. An additional means would certainly be to make use of lvm and also create digital disks on the new drive. That would certainly offer you extra flexibility:

11
2022-07-16 16:12:53
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1 Partition

The easiest and user-friendly way is probably to use gparted after you have installed your new HDD and boot your machine:

sudo gparted

Then you create partitions, by setting their size and type.

  • If a partition table does not exist yet, you likely want to choose the type as gpt for Ubuntu-only machines and msdos (aka MBR) for dual-boot Ubuntu/Windows machines. See this forum post for additional discussion
  • Since your hard drive is additional storage space, you probably want to create one single big partition with the type of ext4
  • After adding the new partition, make sure that the left-most partition column shows a true filepath (i.e. /dev/sdb1) rather than a placeholder like "New partition #1". If you see the latter, click "Edit > Apply all operations" from the top-bar to actually execute the new partition. Otherwise, it is just in a pending state and your mount will fail in step 2.3

gparted is a very easy to use tool, and yet very advanced.

2 Mount

After you are done creating your partitions (most likely it will be just one ext4 data partition, since this is your additional storage drive), you need to permanently mount it.

At this step you already know what names your new partition(-s) have. If not sure, following command will remind you about existing drives and partitions on them:

sudo fdisk -l

This will output something like this (intentionally skipped /dev/sda system drive info):

Disk /dev/sda: 250.1 GB, 250059350016 bytes
....

Disk /dev/sdb: 2000.4 GB, 2000398934016 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 243201 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x000814e3

   Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  Syste
/dev/sdb1               1      243201  1953512001   83  Linux

Output states, that your new partition is /dev/sdb1. Now you need to mount it to utilize it's precious space. To achieve this, you need to perform three simple steps:

2.1 Create a mount point

sudo mkdir /hdd

2.2 Edit /etc/fstab

Open /etc/fstab file with root permissions:

sudo vim /etc/fstab

And add following to the end of the file:

/dev/sdb1    /hdd    ext4    defaults    0    0

2.3 Mount partition

Last step and you're done!

sudo mount /hdd

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111
2022-07-16 16:07:47
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